image copyright Himadri Sinha Roy

More interestingly, the genetics research found the dead comprised a varied people: one group of people had genetics similar to present-day people that reside in South Asia, whereas another”closely linked” to individuals living in present-day Europe, especially those residing in the Greek island of Crete. The stays are strewn around and under the ice at the”lake of skeletons”, discovered by a patrolling British forest ranger in 1942.

One old theory associates the stays to an Indian king, his spouse and their attendants, all of whom perished in a blizzard some 870 decades ago. Who were these individuals? How did they perish? Where did they come from? Scientists analysed and carbon-dated the remains of 38 bodies, including 15 women, located at the lake – a few of these date back to about 1,200 years. They discovered the deceased were both genetically diverse and their deaths were separated in time by as much as 1,000 decades. Additionally, the people who arrived from South Asia”don’t seem to come from precisely the exact same population”. Or was it a genetically isolated population of individuals from distant eastern Mediterranean ancestry that had been living in the area for many generations? Another suggests that a few of the remains are of Indian soldiers who attempted to invade Tibet in 1841, and were beaten back.

More than 70 of these were then made to find their way home over the Himalayas and died on the way. “A few of them have ancestry that are more prevalent in groups from the north of the subcontinent, while some have ancestry that are common from more southern groups,” says Ms Harney. In addition, it was generally supposed that the skeletons were of a single group of folks who died all at once in a single catastrophic incident throughout the 9th Century. It appears unlikely that people from Europe could have travelled all of the way from Roopkund to take part in a Hindu pilgrimage. So did these varied groups of individuals travel to the lake in smaller batches within a span of a few hundred years? Did some of these die during a single occasion? A pilgrimage that moves by the lake could explain why people were travelling in the region.

Studies reveal that credible accounts of pilgrimage from the region don’t appear until the late 19th Century, but inscriptions in local temples date between 8th and 10th Centuries,”indicating potential sooner origins”. But how did people from the southern Mediterranean land up at a remote lake at India’s highest mountains? Earlier research of skeletons have found that the majority of the individuals who died were “greater than ordinary stature”. There were no infants or children. Some of them were elderly women. All were of fairly good health.

Roopkund Lake is situated 5,029 metres (16,500feet ) above sea level in the base of a steep incline on Trisul, among India’s highest mountains, in the country of Uttarakhand. Yet another supposes that this might happen to be a”cemetery” where victims of the epidemic were buried. In cities in the region, there is a popular folk tune that talks about how Goddess Nanda Devi produced a hail storm”as hard as iron” which killed people winding their way beyond the lake. The lake has drawn inquisitive visitors and scientists for many years. Based on the season and weather, the lake, which remains frozen for most of the season, expands and shrinks.

Only as soon as the snow melts would be the skeletons visible, sometimes with flesh attached and well maintained. For more than half-a-century anthropologists and scientists have analyzed the remains and puzzled over a host of questions. No arms or weapons or trade goods were found in the website – the lake isn’t located on a trade course. Genetic studies found no signs of the existence of any ancient bacterial pathogen that may provide disease as an explanation for the origin of deaths. “It’s still not clear what occurred in Roopkund Lake, but we could now be certain that the deaths of the folks cannot be explained by a single event.” The hottest five-year-long study, between 28 co-authors in 16 institutions based in India, US and Germany, found all these assumptions might not be accurate. So scientists feel that some of the bodies found at the website occurred because of a”mass departure in a pilgrimage occasion”.